Political groups of the European Parliament

European Parliament, Brussels
European Parliament, Brussels

European People's Party (EPP)



Founded in 1976, the European People's Party consists of Christian democratic, liberal conservative and pro-European parties in general. It has been discussed recently whether the populist Hungarian Fidesz party can remain part of the EPP group. The EPP is the biggest group within the EU parliament. 

Renew Europe


Renew Europe (Renew) is a pro-European, liberal group of the European Parliament associated with the ALDE group and Democrats for Europe Liberal International. The biggest party of the Renew Europe group is "En Marche". Renew Europe is the third biggest group of the EU Parliament. 

Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D)



The second biggest group of the EU Parliament has a history dating back to 1953. Most of the parties are committed to social-democratic, pro-European values. The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español - PSOE) has the greatest number of MEPs in the group. 

Greens–European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA)


The Greens–European Free Alliance group consists of pro-European green, pro-ecology and regional parties. It also has members committed to minority politics.

European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR)


The European Conservatives and Reformists group is a, Eurosceptic conservative, economic liberal right-wing party group in the European Parliament.


Identity and Democracy (ID)


Identity and Democracy is a far-right, Eurosceptic and nationalistic group in the European parliament mostly associated with topics like illegal immigration and EU bureaucracy. The ID group is the successor of Europe of Nations and Freedom (ENF). The Italian Lega (former Lega Nord) sends the most MEPs (29) to the group.

European United Left/Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL)


European United Left/Nordic Green Left is a group in the European Parliament connected to far-left populism, communism, and Euroscepticism (usually softer than the ID group). The largest number of MEPs in a relatively small political group comes from the Greek party Syriza.

Topics: Parliamentary Groups - Renew Europe - S&D - EPP - ID - ECR - GUE NGL -  European Parliament - EU - MEP - European Union